Transfer of allergen-specific IgE-mediated hypersensitivity with allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

TitleTransfer of allergen-specific IgE-mediated hypersensitivity with allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1988
AuthorsAgosti JM, Sprenger JD, Lum LG, Witherspoon RP, Fisher LD, Storb R, Henderson, Jr WR
JournalThe New England journal of medicine//N Engl J Med
Pagination1623 - 8
Date Published1988
ISBN Number0028-4793
Other Numbers0255562, now
Keywords*Bone Marrow Transplantation, *Hypersensitivity/et [Etiology], *Immunoglobulin E/im [Immunology], Adolescent, Adult, Allergens, Asthma/et [Etiology], Female, Humans, Leukemia/su [Surgery], Lymphoma/su [Surgery], Male, Middle Aged, Postoperative Complications, Prospective Studies, Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial/et [Etiology], Skin Tests, Tissue Donors

We investigated whether allergen-specific IgE-mediated hypersensitivity is transferred by bone marrow transplantation. Twelve patients, 14 to 47 years of age, undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for the treatment of hematologic cancer were selected, along with their donors, by a screening questionnaire for a history of atopy in the donor. We evaluated these donor-recipient pairs before transplantation and at several points afterward for immediate skin-test reactivity to 17 allergens. For allergens for which pretransplantation skin tests had been positive in the donors and negative in the recipients, 20 of 46 post-transplantation skin tests were positive in 8 of the 11 recipients who survived for more than one year after transplantation. For allergens for which both donors and recipients had had negative skin tests before transplantation, only 6 of 256 tests (2.3 percent) were positive in the recipients after transplantation. Long-term transfer of donor-derived mite-specific IgE was demonstrated by radioallergosorbent testing in two recipients. Seven recipients either acquired or had an exacerbation of allergic rhinitis, and two recipients without a history of asthma had asthma one year after transplantation. We conclude that allergen-specific IgE-mediated hypersensitivity is adoptively transferred by bone marrow transplantation from donor to recipient by B cells with allergen-specific memory.

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