Streptococcus bovis septic shock due to contaminated transfused platelets.

TitleStreptococcus bovis septic shock due to contaminated transfused platelets.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsChang AH, Kirsch CM, Mobashery N, Johnson N, Levitt LJ
JournalAmerican journal of hematology//Am J Hematol
Pagination282 - 6
Date Published2004
ISBN Number0361-8609
Other Numbers3h4, 7610369
Keywords*Blood Platelets/mi [Microbiology], *Platelet Transfusion/ae [Adverse Effects], *Shock, Septic/mi [Microbiology], *Streptococcal Infections/mi [Microbiology], *Streptococcus bovis, Adult, Bacteremia/mi [Microbiology], Blood Preservation, Drug Contamination, Female, Humans

Although most physicians and the public are primarily concerned about the risk of transmitting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis virus during a platelet transfusion, bacterial contamination is actually the most common infectious complication. Unlike red blood cells, platelets are stored at room temperature (20-24 degrees C), which raises the risk of bacterial proliferation. The risk of bacterial sepsis is 2.5-fold higher for each unit of transfused platelets compared to each unit of red blood cells. We report an unusual case of Streptococcus bovis septic shock associated with a contaminated platelet transfusion.

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