Bacterial keratitis after penetrating keratoplasty: incidence, microbiological profile, graft survival, and visual outcome

TitleBacterial keratitis after penetrating keratoplasty: incidence, microbiological profile, graft survival, and visual outcome
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsWagoner MD, Al-Swailem SA, Sutphin JE, Zimmerman MB
Pagination1073 - 9
Date PublishedJun
ISSN1549-4713 (Electronic) 0161-6420 (Linking)
Accession Number17275089
Keywords*Graft Survival, *Keratoplasty, Penetrating, *Postoperative Complications, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use, Bacteria / isolation & purification, Child, Child, Preschool, Eye Infections, Bacterial / drug therapy / epidemiology / *microbiology, Female, Humans, Incidence, Infant, Keratitis / drug therapy / epidemiology / *microbiology, Male, Middle Aged, Retrospective Studies, Visual Acuity / *physiology

PURPOSE: To determine the incidence, microbiological profile, graft survival, and factors influencing graft survival after the development of bacterial keratitis after penetrating keratoplasty (PK). DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred two patients (102 eyes) treated at a single center during a 5-year period. METHODS: Retrospective review of the medical records of every patient treated for culture-positive keratitis between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2002 who previously had undergone penetrating keratoplasty at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Graft survival and visual outcome. RESULTS: There were 2103 PKs performed and 102 (4.9%) cases of culture-positive keratitis during the study period. There were 168 bacterial isolates, of which 140 (83.3%) were gram positive, 28 (16.7%) were gram negative, and 1 (0.6%) was acid fast. Only 38 (37.3%) grafts remained clear after a mean follow-up of 985 days (range, 82-2284). The best graft survival was in eyes with PK for keratoconus (83.7%), whereas the poorest grat survival was for previously failed grafts (5.6%). By Kaplan-Meier analysis, there was an immediate steep decline in graft survival to 54.9%, followed by a slow decline to 47.2% by 1 year and 35.8% after 4 years. Factors associated with an increased risk of graft failure were the surgical indication for PK (P or =20/40 in only 8 (8.2%) eyes and better than 20/200 in only 21 (21.6%) eyes. CONCLUSION: The development of bacterial keratitis after PK is a serious complication that is associated with a high incidence of graft failure and poor visual outcome.

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Notify Library Reference ID1596

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