|Title||Simultaneous corticosteroid avoidance and calcineurin inhibitor minimization in renal transplantation|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2006|
|Authors||Alexander JW, Goodman HR, Cardi M, Austin J, Goel S, Safdar S, Huang S, Munda R, Fidler JP, Buell JF, Hanaway M, Susskind B, Roy-Chaudhury P, Trofe J, Alloway R, Woodle ES|
|Pagination||295 - 302|
|Keywords||*Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects / immunology, Adrenal Cortex Hormones / *administration & dosage, Antilymphocyte Serum / administration & dosage, Arginine / administration & dosage, Calcineurin / *antagonists & inhibitors, Cyclosporine / administration & dosage, Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated / administration & dosage, Female, Graft Rejection / prevention & control, Humans, Immunosuppressive Agents / *administration & dosage, Male, Middle Aged, Mycophenolic Acid / administration & dosage / analogs & derivatives, Pilot Projects, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural, Sirolimus / administration & dosage, T-Lymphocytes / immunology|
Steroids and calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) have been mainstays of immunosuppression but both have numerous side effects that are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. This study was carried out to determine if steroids can be eliminated with early discontinuation of cyclosporine A (CsA) and later discontinuation of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Ninety-six patients with kidney transplants were entered into four subgroups of two pilot studies. All patients received Thymoglobulin induction, rapamycin (RAPA), and the immunonutrients arginine and an oil containing omega-3 fatty acids. Mycophenolate mofetil was started in standard doses and discontinued by 2 years. CsA was given in reduced doses for either 4, 6, or 12 months. Follow-up was 12-36 months. Thirteen first rejection episodes occurred during the first year (14%). Combining all patients, 86% were rejection-free at 1 year, 80% at 2 years and 79% at 3 years. No kidney has been lost to acute rejection. Ninety percent of the 84 patients at risk at the end of the study were steroid-free and 87% were off CNI. Fifty-seven percent of 54 patients with a functioning kidney at 3 years were receiving monotherapy with RAPA. We conclude that this therapeutic strategy is worthy of a prospective multi-center clinical trial.
|Notify Library Reference ID||50|