Chylous Ascites: Complication of Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy. Case Report and Review of Literature

TitleChylous Ascites: Complication of Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy. Case Report and Review of Literature
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSeth A, Sharma A, Kenwar DB, Singh S
Date PublishedApr

Background: Chylous ascites (CA) is an extremely rare complication after laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN). It can increase the hospital stay, morbidity in postoperative period and thus negating the benefits of laparoscopic surgery. Most of the cases were managed conservatively, but surgical intervention may be occasionally required. This report describes the importance of accurate localization of the leaking chyle duct and its repair by endosuturing in a renal donor not responding to conservative treatment.

Methods: A comprehensive review of literature regarding this rare complication after LDN was performed with Pubmed/Medline and Google Scholar using "chyle," "complications," and "laparoscopic donor nephrectomy" as keywords. The demographic profile and management of patients is discussed in detail. The various surgical modalities used to manage these patients are described.

Results: Fifty-four cases of chyle leak/ascites have been reported after LDN in literature to date. Around 77% donors with CA could be successfully managed conservatively with dietary measures and total parenteral nutrition. Surgical intervention was required in nearly 23% donors ranging from clip application, use of argon coagulation, endosuturing with application of glue after 36.1 ± 19.07 days of failed conservative treatment. Donors with massive ascites or requiring frequent large-volume paracentesis on conservative treatment are likely to require surgical therapy. The present case was successfully managed with laparoscopic endosuturing and has no recurrence at 6 month follow-up.

Conclusions: Chylous ascites is a rare complication after donor nephrectomy in experienced centers. Although conservative management remains the first line of treatment, early surgical treatment shall be undertaken in cases of massive ascites.

Alternate JournalTransplantation
Notify Library Reference ID4916

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