|Title||Invasive Streptococcus pyogenes after allograft implantation--Colorado, 2003.|
|Year of Publication||2003|
|Keywords||Adolescent, Anterior Cruciate Ligament / su [Surgery], Colorado / ep [Epidemiology], Humans, IM, Male, Soft Tissue Infections / ep [Epidemiology], Soft Tissue Infections / et [Etiology], Soft Tissue Infections / mi [Microbiology], Streptococcal Infections / ep [Epidemiology], Streptococcal Infections / tm [Transmission], Streptococcus pyogenes / ip [Isolation & Purification], Tendons / mi [Microbiology], Tendons / tr [Transplantation], Tissue Donors, Tissue Preservation, Tissue Transplantation / ae [Adverse Effects], Transplantation, Homologous, Transplants / mi [Microbiology]|
Allograft tissues are used for various orthopedic procedures (e.g., ligament reconstruction, meniscal transplantation, and spinal surgery). In 2002, approximately one million allografts were distributed for transplantation (American Association of Tissue Banks [AATB], unpublished data, 2002). Recent reports of allograft-associated infections have prompted evaluation of the processing and quality-control methods employed by tissue processors. This report describes a case of invasive disease with Streptococcus pyogenes (i.e., group A streptococcus [GAS]), after reconstructive knee surgery using contaminated allograft tissue and provides recommendations to reduce the risk for allograft-associated infections. Although allograft infections are rare, they highlight the need for improved tissue evaluation and processing standards.
|Notify Library Reference ID||1863|