Asthma as a consequence of bone marrow transplantation

TitleAsthma as a consequence of bone marrow transplantation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsRietz H, Plummer AL, Gal AA
Pagination369 - 70
Date PublishedJul
ISSN0012-3692 (Print) 0012-3692 (Linking)
Accession Number12114384
KeywordsAdrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use, Adult, Asthma / drug therapy / *etiology, Bone Marrow Transplantation / *adverse effects, Bronchodilator Agents / therapeutic use, Candidiasis / mortality, Female, Humans

Atopy, allergy, or asthma rarely can complicate organ transplantation. We identified two patients who developed asthma following bone marrow transplantation. Neither patient had a documented history of allergy, atopy, or asthma, but their donors were human leukocyte antigen-identical siblings who had a history of asthma. Pulmonary function testing revealed decreased airflow. Investigation of the bronchial biopsy specimens revealed eosinophilia and histologic features that were compatible with asthma. No infectious pathogens were identified. Both patients received therapy with bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids with symptomatic improvement. A diagnosis of asthma should be entertained in the differential diagnosis of pulmonary complications in bone marrow transplant recipients.

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