Solid Organ Transplant-Transmitted Tuberculosis Linked to a Community Outbreak - California, 2015.

TitleSolid Organ Transplant-Transmitted Tuberculosis Linked to a Community Outbreak - California, 2015.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKay A, Barry PM, Annambhotla P, Greene C, Cilnis M, Chin-Hong P, Arger N, McNitt L, Neidlinger N, Shah N, Basavaraju SV, Kuehnert M, Shaw T
Volume66
Issue30
Pagination1
Date PublishedAug
Abstract

In the spring of 2015, a local health department (LHD) in county A notified the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) about three adults with close ties to one another and a congregate community site who had received diagnoses of tuberculosis (TB) disease within a 3-month period. Subsequent review revealed matching TB genotypes indicating that the cases were likely part of a chain of TB transmission. Only three TB cases in California in the preceding 2 years shared this same genotype. One of those three previous cases occurred in a lung-transplant recipient who had no identified epidemiologic links to the outbreak. CDPH, multiple LHDs, and CDC conducted an investigation and determined that the lung-transplant donor (patient 1) was epidemiologically linked to the three outbreak cases and had a tuberculin skin test (TST) conversion detected in 2012 upon reentry at a local jail. Three other solid organ recipients from this donor were identified; none had developed TB disease. This investigation suggests that review of organ donors' medical records from high-risk environments, such as jails, might reveal additional information about TB risk. The evaluation of TB in organ recipients could include genotyping analysis (1) and coordination among local, state, and national partners to evaluate the potential for donor-derived TB.

DOI10.15585/mmwr.mm6630a1
Alternate JournalMMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
Notify Library Reference ID4642

Related Incidents